Nazari na halin yanzu da na gaba na harkokin sufuri na kasa da kasa karkashin annobar 2021

Ga masana'antar dabaru, munanan al'amura suna faruwa sama da rabin shekara.Ko cunkoso ne, da karancin kwantena, da kayayyakin dakon kaya, da suka hada da karancin hanyoyin jirgin kasa, karancin jiragen ruwa, da karancin manyan motoci, babu daya daga cikinsu da ya zama sanadi guda.Matsalar yanzu ita ce komai ya yi karanci.
Babban koma baya na manyan kabad, kamfanonin jigilar kayayyaki na kasa da kasa ba su da wani zabi illa "tsalle cikin tashar jiragen ruwa";Yawan jigilar kayayyaki ya karu, kuma matsin lamba a kan tashoshin jiragen ruwa da ke kewaye ya karu ... Kamar yadda "tsarin juyayi na tsakiya" na cibiyar sadarwar jiragen ruwa ta duniya --- tashar tashar Yantian ta haifar da "hankalin" annobar cutar ta fara yaduwa, kuma Tasirinsa a kan tsarin samar da kayayyaki na duniya ya wuce tunaninsa.
Tashar tashar Yantian tana da tarin kwalaye sama da miliyan 200 na kwantenan fitar da kayayyaki.Dangane da tsarin, yana buɗewa don karɓar 5,000 a rana, kuma ƙarfin sarrafawa na yanzu shine kawai 1/7 na yadda aka saba.
Haka lamarin yake a tashar ruwan Yantian da ke Shenzhen na kasar Sin.Idan aka kalli duniya, koma bayan tashoshin jiragen ruwa a wurare daban-daban za su kara yin tsanani.

International transportation status (1)

Hoto 1, Port of Yantian

Tashar ruwa ta Oakland da ke gabar tekun Yamma na Amurka ta sami TEU 100,096 na kwantena da aka shigo da su a cikin watan Afrilu na wannan shekara.Wannan shi ne karon farko a tarihin tashar jiragen ruwa da aka shigo da kwantena suka wuce adadin 100,000 a cikin wata guda.Tauraron shigar da tashar jiragen ruwa kuma ya kai 217,993TEU, karuwar shekara-shekara na 8%.An karkatar da jiragen ruwa daga tashar jiragen ruwa na Los Angeles da Long Beach Port a Kudancin California^.CMA CGM da Wan Hai sun fara aiki da hanyoyin kai tsaye daga Gabashin Asiya zuwa tashar jiragen ruwa na Oakland, suna kawo adadin kwantena da aka shigo da su.
Tashar jiragen ruwa ta Los Angeles, mai nisan kilomita 635, ita ma tana nutsewa cikin tekun kwantena: 946,966 TEUs a watan Afrilu, karuwar shekara-shekara da kashi 37.2%.
A cikin watan da ya gabata, da Amurka ta shigo da kwantena daga Asiya ta sami ci gaba a duk shekara na 31%, wanda ya kai TEU miliyan 1.57.A wannan yanayin, cunkoson tashar jiragen ruwa ya zama al'ada.'Yan sa'o'i kaɗan da suka gabata, Hapag-Lloyd ya ba da sanarwar cewa za ta tsallake tashar jiragen ruwa na Oakland a cikin sabis ɗinta na trans-Pacific West Coast.Lokacin da za ta ci gaba, zai dogara ne akan yadda tashar jiragen ruwa za ta sami sauƙi.

International transportation status (2)

Hoto 2, Jiragen ruwan kwantena da aka faka a tashar Oakland
tasha a gabar yammacin Amurka

Rahoton tuntubar iyali na Hapag-Lloyd ya gargadi masu shigo da kayayyaki na Amurka da cewa saboda yawaitar shigo da kayayyaki, dukkan tashohin gabar tekun Yamma suna cike da cunkoso, kuma ana hasashen za a ci gaba da cinkoson a duk lokacin bazara.A cewar Maersk, matsakaicin lokacin jira na jiragen ruwa a tashar jiragen ruwa na Los Angeles da Long Beach yana tsakanin makonni daya zuwa biyu.Akwai kimanin jiragen ruwa 40 a layi a manyan tashoshin jiragen ruwa guda biyu: yayin da jiragen ruwa a tashar jiragen ruwa na Oakland suna buƙatar yin layi na tsawon makonni uku don shiga tashar.
Yawancin tashoshin jiragen ruwa da magudanar ruwa ba su da sarari don sauke kwantena, don haka kai tsaye sun ƙi kiran jiragen ruwa.
Tashoshin ruwa na gabar tekun yammacin Amurka suna da cunkoso kuma lokacin jerin gwano ya yi tsayi da yawa, lamarin da ya yi matukar tasiri ga jadawalin jirgin na komawa Asiya.Jiragen ruwa ba za su iya komawa Asiya cikin lokaci don ɗaukar kaya ba.Kusan cunkoso yana daidai da soke tafiyar.An sake takaita ingantacciyar ƙarfin kasuwancin trans-Pacific saboda samun tashar jiragen ruwa da soke tafiye-tafiye.Maersk ya yi imanin cewa tun farkon wannan shekara, ƙarfin daga Asiya zuwa Yammacin Amurka ya rasa 20%: An kiyasta cewa daga Yuni zuwa karshen watan Agusta, ƙarfin kuma zai rasa 13%.
Cunkoson tashar jiragen ruwa yana nufin cewa jiragen ba su kan lokaci kuma ana rage dogaro.Dangane da bayanai daga Tekun-Intelligence Maritime Consultancy, 78% na jiragen ruwa da suka isa tashar jirgin ruwan Amurka ta Yamma sun jinkirta, tare da matsakaicin jinkiri na kwanaki 10.Flexport ya ce za a iya samun jinkiri a kowace hanyar mika hannun jari na sarkar samar da kayayyaki ta kasa da kasa.Misali, an tsawaita jigilar kayayyaki daga Shanghai zuwa shagon sayar da kayayyaki na Chicago daga kwanaki 35 kafin barkewar zuwa kwanaki 73 a yau.
A lokaci guda kuma, farashin wuraren kwantena kuma suna tashi sama.

International transportation status (3)

Hoto na 3, Fihirisar Kwantenan Fitar da Fita ta Shanghai

Akwai ra'ayi cewa, a zahiri, babu ƙarancin auna adadin kwantena, jiragen ruwa, da kayayyakin da ake buƙata kawai.Tushen matsalar ita ce ana ɗaukar lokaci mai tsawo don jigilar kayayyaki daga Asiya, Arewacin Amurka, da Turai.Bi da bi, yana ɗaukar ƙarin sarari iya aiki kuma yana ƙara matsananciyar matakan matsaloli daban-daban.
Don yin muni, matsananciyar ƙarancin iya aiki yana nufin cewa babu ƙarfin ɗaukar hoto don magance ainihin abubuwan da suka faru.
Wani jirgin ruwa mai hatsarin gaske ya fashe a cikin ruwa na tashar jiragen ruwa na Sri Lanka, kuma wani jirgin ruwa a tashar Kaohsiung na Taiwan ya afka cikin wani kogin dakon ruwa.Wani ma'aikacin tashar jiragen ruwa a tashar tashar Yantian da ke Shenzhen ya sami tabbataccen shari'ar sabon kambi.Yajin aikin ma'aikata a tashar jiragen ruwa na Turai, waɗannan al'amura guda ɗaya na ci gaba da matsa lamba a kan sarkar, kuma zai ɗauki lokaci mai tsawo kafin tsarin samar da kayayyaki na duniya ya dawo daidai.


Lokacin aikawa: Dec-25-2021